Order from chaos
Why do we need the IMO?
No more pirates on the high seas
The IMO’s manifesto
A bit of history
The International Maritime Organisation was established by convention in 1948 at the United Nations Maritime Conference in Geneva. The Convention on the Inter-Governmental MaritimeConsultative Organisation (IMCO), was thereafter inaugurated in January 1959.
The convention states, as defined in Article 1(a) that the purpose of the IMO is “to provide machinery for co-operation among governments in the field of governmental regulation and practices relating to technical matters of all kinds affecting shipping engaged in trade; to encourage and facilitate the general adoption of the highest practicable standards in matters concerning the maritime safety, efficiency of navigation and prevention and control of marine pollution from
The IMO also adopted the role and authority to facilitate the administrative and legal matters arising from the convention.
The structure of the IMO
The Assembly is the most authoritative corpus in the organization, comprising the entirety of member states. It convenes once every two years, with the scope of instigating a work program and approving the budget.
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states with the largest interest in providing international shipping services, 8 states with the largest interest in international seaborne trade and 16 others. The Council’s role is to perform an executive function with delegated powers from the AssemblyThe functions of the Council summarised are:
1. Facilitating the IMO’s activities.
2. Reviewing the proposed work program and budget estimates prior to submission to the Assembly.
3. Collating reports and proposals from the various committees for deliberation by the Assembly.
4. Appointing the Secretary-General.
5. Liaising with other organizations which impact or are impacted by the IMO’s activities.
The four main committees are:
1. Maritime Safety Committee (MSC).
2. Legal Committee.
3. Marine Environmental Protection Committee (MEPC).
4. Technical Co-operation Committee.